Galapagos Islands, Spanish Islas Galápagos, officially Archipiélago de Colón (“Columbus Archipelago”), island group of the eastern Pacific Ocean, administratively a province of Ecuador.
The islands are located in the eastern Pacific Ocean, 973 km (605 mi) off the west coast of South America. The closest land mass is that of mainland Ecuador, the country to which they belong, 926 km (500 nmi) to the east.
Where do people live in Galapagos and how is the population growing? Only four of the archipelago’s thirteen major islands have human populations: Santa Cruz, San Cristobal, Isabela and Floreana.
Definitions of Galapagos. a group of islands in the Pacific off South America; owned by Ecuador; known for unusual animal life. synonyms: Galapagos Islands. example of: island. a land mass (smaller than a continent) that is surrounded by water.
Galapagos is not a cheap destination and traveling on the cheap is very much not recommended. The Galapagos Islands are more expensive than mainland Ecuador mainly because of their location and the logistics of maintaining tourism sustainability and helping community development.
Is the Galapagos Safe To Visit? The Galapagos is an extremely safe travel destination. very little crime occurs in the islands and because tourism plays an important role in the economy of the islands and the Galapagos National Park, strict rules are in place when it comes to migrating to the islands.
How far is Galapagos from the equator and on what hemisphere is it? Galapagos is 2,811.78 mi (4,525.12 km) north of the equator, so it is located in the northern hemisphere.
Facts. Six hundred miles off the coast of Ecuador lie the volcanic islands of the Galápagos, famous for a wealth of unique plants and animals found nowhere else in the world. The Galápagos Islands were the source of Darwin’s theory of evolution and remain a priceless living laboratory for scientists today.
A: The Galapagos has four inhabited islands that each offer hotel options: Santa Cruz, San Cristobal, Isabela, and Floreana. The other islands and islets of the archipelago are not inhabited by humans, and do not permit any overnight stays. In fact, visiting sites are only accessible from 6 am to 6 pm.
Island-hopping tours, designed to experience Galapagos without having to be onboard for the entire trip, are becoming more popular. Visitors take speed boats or public transportation between inhabited islands, staying overnight at hotels and exploring local sites and enjoying activities near the towns.
The Galapagos Islands face many environmental threats. Ecosystem degradation could be caused by: climate change, deforestation, pollution, overfishing, eutrophication and the introduction of invasive species.
City: Puerto Baquerizo Moreno
Puerto Baquerizo Moreno is the capital of the Galapagos province. It has two main streets, the Malecón Charles Darwin, which runs along the waterfront, where visitors can find restaurants, souvenir shops, and hotels.
Scientists believe the first tortoises arrived to Galapagos 2–3 million years ago by drifting 600 miles from the South American coast on vegetation rafts or on their own. They were already large animals before arriving in Galapagos.
Galapagos is an old Spanish word meaning saddle. When Spanish sailors arrived on the islands off the coast of Equator, the turtle shells or tortoises reminded them of sway back saddles.
Snorkelling, sunbathing, and wildlife spotting are just a few of the things to do in the Galapagos Islands. Read on for activities as diverse as the Galapagos Islands themselves! The Galapagos Islands are one of the best places to visit in South America.
The world first heard about Galapagos more than 470 years ago. The Dominican friar, Fray Tomás de Berlanga, Bishop of Panama, was the official discoverer, arriving on March 10, 1535. Currents inadvertently drove Fray Tomás towards Galapagos, after he had set out from Panama on his way to Peru.
Airlines that fly to the Galapagos Islands
At the time of writing, there are three airlines flying to Galapagos, TAME the Ecuadorean airline (www.tame.com.ec), LAN the Chilean airline (www.latam.com) and Avianca the Colombian airline (www.avianca.com).
The best time to visit the Galápagos Islands is from December to May. Though the Galápagos is beautiful year-round, these months offer temperatures ranging from the low 70s to mid-80s, making pleasant conditions for hiking and wildlife-spotting.
Getting around the Galapagos Islands is easy to do — bicycles, cargo boats, airplanes, buses, taxis, and other public transportation is available. If you are staying on one island, backpacking or diy-Galapagos is definitely possible, but before you go anywhere, make sure you don’t need a Naturalist Guide with you.
Many locations are great for beach snorkeling as well. From December to May, it is very warm and sunny in the islands, making it ideal for swimming in the comfortable shallow waters.
Overall, Ecuador isn’t the safest of destinations, but if you use your common sense and avoid traveling to places that are known as dangerous, you’ll no doubt have a safe trip. Due to civil unrest and protests in late 2019, travelers have been told to exercise a higher degree of caution.
The Galapagos Archipelago is a cluster of some 13 volcanic islands and associated islets and rocks located just under the equator, about 600 miles (1000km) west of Ecuador in South America. … These Islands that we visit on our Galapagos cruises are considered to be one of the most active volcanic areas in the world.
Share. The only penguin that lives north of the equator is the Galapagos penguin. This small-bodied species is restricted to the Galapagos Islands, which straddle the equator, if only by a few degrees of latitude.
There are two main ways for species to make their way to remote islands (aside from any methods involving humans). The first method is by air in the form of flying or being blown by wind, and the second method is by sea while swimming or floating, sometimes with the aid of rafts of tangled vegetation.
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