|View at the ruins of Pumapunku|
|Alternative name||Puma Punku|
|Altitude||3,850 m (12,631 ft)|
A geochemical analysis revealed that the composition of the H shaped blocks from Pumapunku coincided with the andesitic sand but that also included organo-mineral binders, bat droppings, and other ingredients used to produce andesite geopolymer blocks.
Lake Titicaca, at an elevation of 12,507 feet (3,812 meters) in the Andean Altiplano, is the highest large lake in the world. More than 120 miles long and 50 miles wide, it was the center of the Incan civilization, and today straddles the boundary between Peru and Bolivia.
The Incas used solar power, not manpower, to cut the huge stones they used to build their massive cities, according to Dr. … Watkins believes the Incas used gold, dish-shaped, or parabolic, reflectors to concentrate the sun’s energy to carve the rocks with a beam of light.
Using wedges and hammers they were able to split large stones with an incredible degree of accuracy. Copper saws are very effective cutting limestone especially with sand thrown into the cutting process.
Inca, also spelled Inka, South American Indians who, at the time of the Spanish conquest in 1532, ruled an empire that extended along the Pacific coast and Andean highlands from the northern border of modern Ecuador to the Maule River in central Chile.
The Incas conquered much of what is now western Bolivia under their ninth emperor Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui, whose reign lasted from 1438 to 1471 AD.
|Location||Tiwanaku Municipality, Bolivia|
|Coordinates||16°33′17″S 68°40′24″WCoordinates: 16°33′17″S 68°40′24″W|
|Founded||c. 110 AD?|
Her Majesty’s Prison Maze (previously Long Kesh Detention Centre, and known colloquially as The Maze or H-Blocks) was a prison in Northern Ireland that was used to house alleged paramilitary prisoners during the Troubles from mid-1971 to mid-2000.
|• Total||617.0 km2 (238.2 sq mi)|
|• Density||730/km2 (1,900/sq mi)|
How long does it take to hike to Machu Picchu? There are a number of trekking routes along the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu. However, the Classic Inca Trail route is a 3 to 5 day hike, and on average, it takes 4 days and 3 nights to reach Machu Picchu.
The name Titicaca comes from the two Quechua words Titi which means Puma and Caca which means mount, this name is a reminder of the felines that lived many centuries ago in the vicinity of the territory. …
Natural expanse of water open for navigation. Context: Lagoons (brackish water area separated from the sea by a coastal bank) are included.
One of seventeen remaining ancient lakes in the world, Lake Titicaca is thought to be three million years old, a remnant of Lago Ballivian, an inland sea that disappeared amid the volcanic shifts and eruptions that formed the Altiplano.
Viracocha, also spelled Huiracocha or Wiraqoca, creator deity originally worshiped by the pre-Inca inhabitants of Peru and later assimilated into the Inca pantheon. He was believed to have created the sun and moon on Lake Titicaca.
According to some sources, the Gate of the Sun is over 16,000 years old. This places its creation somewhere around 14,000 B.C., around the same age as the ruins from its surrounding village, Tiahuanaco. Others believe that the gate is a mere 1,500 years old.
Historians believe Machu Picchu was built at the height of the Inca Empire, which dominated western South America in the 15th and 16th centuries.
To cut granite, workers cut a series of holes in the granite with a hammer and chisel and inserted wooden wedges. They soaked these with water, which made the wood expand and the rock split. The stone workers then used the chisel again to break the granite apart.
Once the stone was extracted, workers cut a series of holes with a hammer and chisel. Water-soaked wooden wedges were inserted into the holes, where they expanded and split the rock. … The abrasiveness of the wire cut through marble, allowing a greater degree of precision than had previously been possible.
The construction of Sacsayhuamán took about 90 years and 25,000 men participated in it. The main characteristic of this cyclopean construction is its large blocks of stones, some over 9 meters high and weighing 100 tons.
The Incas were a civilization in South America formed by ethnic Quechua people also known as Amerindians.
The spread of disease
Influenza and smallpox were the main causes of death among the Inca population and it affected not only the working class but also the nobility.
During most of the Spanish colonial rule, Bolivia was known as Upper Peru and administered by the Royal Audiencia of Charcas. After the 1st call for independence in 1809, 16 years of war followed before the establishment of the Bolivian Republic, named for the Liberator Simón Bolívar, on 6 August 1825.
Both the Aztec and the Inca empires were conquered by Spanish conquistadors; the Aztec Empire was conquered by Cortés, and the Inca Empire was defeated by Pizarro. The Spanish had an advantage over native peoples because the former had guns, cannons, and horses.
Inca Empire were commoners who worked as farmers and herders. The Incas did not practice slavery in the usual sense of the word. However, they did require commoners to support the government, both through the products of their labor and by working on government-sponsored projects.
Considered by many as the greatest ancient ruins in South America, Machu Picchu is the must-see place for any travelers visiting Peru. This royal citadel was built by the Incas in the 15th century. Then it was discovered in 1911 by the explorer Hiram Bingham.
Copan, Honduras Finally, we get to the Maya’s, which will of course dominate this list. Most of Central America and Mexico was at one point or another dominated by the Mayas, with Guatemala and Honduras featuring some of the most important archaeological sites today.
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